Marcel Krüger, M.Sc.
Room K106
Phone: +49 241 80 24966
Fax: +49 241 80 22134
Email: krueger@vis.rwth-aachen.de

Visualization Team


Calibratio - A Small, Low-Cost, Fully Automated Motion-to-Photon Measurement Device

Sebastian Pape, Marcel Krüger, Jan Müller, Torsten Wolfgang Kuhlen
10th Workshop on Software Engineering and Architectures for Realtime Interactive Systems (SEARIS), 2020

Since the beginning of the design and implementation of virtual environments, these systems have been built to give the users the best possible experience. One detrimental factor for the user experience was shown to be a high end-to-end latency, here measured as motionto-photon latency, of the system. Thus, a lot of research in the past was focused on the measurement and minimization of this latency in virtual environments. Most existing measurement-techniques require either expensive measurement hardware like an oscilloscope, mechanical components like a pendulum or depend on manual evaluation of samples. This paper proposes a concept of an easy to build, low-cost device consisting of a microcontroller, servo motor and a photo diode to measure the motion-to-photon latency in virtual reality environments fully automatically. It is placed or attached to the system, calibrates itself and is controlled/monitored via a web interface. While the general concept is applicable to a variety of VR technologies, this paper focuses on the context of CAVE-like systems.

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» Show BibTeX

author = {Sebastian Pape and Marcel Kr\"{u}ger and Jan M\"{u}ller and Torsten W. Kuhlen},
title = {{Calibratio - A Small, Low-Cost, Fully Automated Motion-to-Photon Measurement Device}},
booktitle = {10th Workshop on Software Engineering and Architectures for Realtime Interactive Systems (SEARIS)},
year = {2020},

Talk: Insite: A Generalized Pipeline for In-transit Visualization and Analysis

Simon Oehrl, Jan Müller, Ali Can Demiralp, Marcel Krüger, Sebastian Spreizer, Benjamin Weyers, Torsten Wolfgang Kuhlen
NEST Conference 2020

Neuronal network simulators are essential to computational neuroscience, enabling the study of the nervous system through in-silico experiments. Through utilization of high-performance computing resources, these simulators are able to simulate increasingly complex and large networks of neurons today. It also creates new challenges for the analysis and visualization of such simulations. In-situ and in-transport strategies are popular approaches in these scenarios. They enable live monitoring of running simulations and parameter adjustment in the case of erroneous configurations which can save valuable compute resources.

This talk will present the current status of our pipeline for in-transport analysis and visualization of neuronal network simulator data. The pipeline is able to couple with NEST along other simulators with data management (querying, filtering and merging) from multiple simulator instances. Finally, the data is passed to end-user applications for visualization and analysis. The goal is to be integrated into third party tools such as the multi-view visual analysis toolkit ViSimpl.

Passive Haptic Menus for Desk-Based and HMD-Projected Virtual Reality

Daniel Zielasko, Marcel Krüger, Benjamin Weyers, Torsten Wolfgang Kuhlen
IEEE VR Workshop on Everyday Virtual Reality (2019)

In this work we evaluate the impact of passive haptic feedback on touch-based menus, given the constraints and possibilities of a seated, desk-based scenario in VR. Therefore, we compare a menu that once is placed on the surface of a desk and once mid-air on a surface in front of the user. The study design is completed by two conditions without passive haptic feedback. In the conducted user study (n = 33) we found effects of passive haptics (present vs- non-present) and menu alignment (desk vs. mid-air) on the task performance and subjective look & feel, however the race between the conditions was close. An overall winner was the mid-air menu with passive haptic feedback, which however raises hardware requirements.

» Show BibTeX

title={{Passive Haptic Menus for Desk-Based and HMD-Projected Virtual Reality}},
author={Zielasko, Daniel and Kr{\"u}ger Marcel and Weyers, Benjamin and Kuhlen, Torsten W},
booktitle={Proc. of IEEE VR Workshop on Everyday Virtual Reality},

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